DEEP VEIN THROMBOSIS
Deep Vein Thrombosis or DVT, is a condition in which blood clots from in the deep veins of the body. DVT usually forms in the veins of the legs, but this can also occur in other veins of the body. If a blood clot (thrombus) dislodges and travels in your blood stream, it may get stuck in lungs, causing pulmonary embolism, or it may get stuck in an artery in the brain, causing a stroke rarely through a hole in the heart when there is Shunt. The deep veins differ from the superficial veins in that they are located deep in the body and cannot be seen, and more importantly, they have a direct connection to the heart and lungs.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF DEEP VEIN THROMBOSIS?
Approximately 50% of patients with DVT have no symptoms. When symptoms are present they include
1. Swelling of the leg.
2. Pain or tenderness in the leg, which is usually present in one leg and may only be
present when standing or walking.
3. Feeling of increased warmth in the area of the leg that is swollen or painful.
Red or discolored skin in the area of swelling or pain.
WHAT ARE THE RISKS FACTORS FOR DEVELOPING DEEP VEIN THROMBOSIS?
There are several factors that could increase the risk of DVT. The risk increases if several of the risk factors are present at the same time.
These risks include:
Low blood flow in deep veins due to surgery, injury or lack of movement.(stasis)
Other medical conditions, such as varicose veins or past history of blood clots, lungs, bowel disorder, cancers.
Long periods of inactivity, such as bed rest, travel on long trips 8hrs.
Pregnancy an especially delivery the first weeks after delivery of baby.
Obesity, oral contraceptor pills (OCPs)
Birth control pills or hormone therapy.
A central venous cathters.
Age above 60yrs (DVT can occur at any age)
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